The territory of Tajikistan from the most ancient times lay on the important historical routes of the Silk Road, connecting the East and the West. Country in the international trade and cultural exchange linking of old possessions of Bactria – Tokharistan (Chaganian, Shumon, Ahorun, Kubodien, Vakhsh, Hutal, Rasht, Kumed, Darvoz, Vanj, Rushan and Wakhan), Soghd, Istaravshan (Ustrushan) and Ferghana with India, Afghanistan and China. The Silk Road was not only the exchange of goods between the East and the West, but also ideas, cultures and people.
Modern Tajikistan is a mountainous country with the altitudes varies from 300 to 7,495 meters above the sea level. 93% of the territory are mountain ranges relating to Pamirs, Hissar-Alay and Tien-Shan mountain systems. The mentioned ranges are divided by rich and fertile lands of Ferghana, Zerafshan, Vakhsh and Hissar valleys. Complicated relief and big amplitude of mountain system's high caused exceptional diversity of flora and fauna.
Capital - Dushanbe
Location - the South-east of Central Asia
Territorу - 143.1 thsd. square kilometers
Population - more than 8 million people
Currency - somoni, introduced in October, 2000
State borders - Length: 700 kilometers from west to east, 350 kilometers from north to south. In the west and north, Tajikistan has borders with Uzbekistan (1332,9 kilometers) and Kyrgyzstan (about 987 kilometers); in the south - with Afghanistan (1332,9 kilometers and in the east - with China (494,95 kilometers).
The highest mountains
Height above sea level, meters
I.Somoni's Peak 7495
Abuali Ibn Sino's Peak 7134
Korjenevskaya's Peak 6974
Moscow's Peak 6785
K.Marx's Peak 6726
Garmo's Peak 6595
Engel's Peak 6510
Vudor's Peak 6132
North Muzkol's Peak 6128
Mayakovskiy's Peak 6096
Pakhor's Peak 6083
Climate: dry continental, with over 300 sunny days a year