Uzbekistan is the Iand of ancient culture, great historical values and its major cities have a long history. Tashkent, Samarkand, Bukhara, Karshi, Khiva and Termez are highlights among them. Most of them stepped over two and a half millennial ages. Located on the Great Silk Road it is a major centre of international caravan trade route where different peoples and nations converged, where interchange of knowledge, ideas brought to mutual interchange of languages and cultures.
These cities are precious pearls, absorbed all the originality and unique beauty of the region, allowing both to be transferred to the atmosphere of the medieval town, to feel its flavor. Acquainting with each of them lets deeper learn the history and authentic culture of the Uzbek people.
Uzbekistan embraces as diverse types of the environment as deserts with their sand-dunes, blossoming oases and riverside tugai woods, alpine meadows and mountains topped with eternal snow.
Nature lovers will be delighted with the view of Ugham a Chatcal nature reserve within the complex Chimghan. The territory consists of two isolated areas: Bashkizilsay and Maydansay. The first site is located on the southwestern slope of Chatkal Mountains. Second and larger portion located in the northern wilderness slopes. The reserve is situated at an altitude of 1100-4000 m above sea level covering the area of 122 square. Chimghan, stretched on a picturesque plot of Chatkal mountains on the western Tien Shan mountain range, located at 80 km a distance from the capital city of Tashkent; Modern highway approaching the complex goes into serpentine , with a magnificent view of the surrounding mountains. Chimghan offers magnificent view at any time of a year. Snow season starts on December 20th and ends on April 5th ..
- Total – 447 400 km2;
- Land – 425 400 km2;
- Water – 22 000 km2;
Most of the territory of Uzbekistan is occupied by plains (about four fifth of its territory). One of the main – plain is Turanianlowland. To the east and north- east of the country there are ranges of the Tien Shan and Pamir, here – the highest point of the country ( 4643 m). In the north central part of the territory of Uzbekistan is one of the largest deserts in the world – the Kyzyl Kum.
Uzbekistan`s nature features by a combination of subtropical and continental temperature zones.
The earth, the air, water and fire ( the sun ) have been warshiped in Central Asia since the times of Zoroastrianism urging people in to care about the cleanliness of rivers and the soil.
Population and labor resources
The population of Uzbekistan is more than 32 million people.
In terms of population Uzbekistan holdes the third place among the CIS countries and 1st among the States of the Central Asia.
Almost 80 % of its population is the Uzbeks . Uzbekistan multiethnic country – it is home to over 100 nationalities where the Russian consist of 5.5 %, Tajiks 5 %, Kazakhs 3%, Karakalpaks 2.5 %, Tatar 1.5%, other 2.5 %. Religious denominations are Muslim 88 % (mostly Sunnis ), Christian Orthodox 9 % and others 3% ( Judaists, Buddhists, Catholics, Protestants etc.)
Uzbekistan, like other Central Asian states, is featured by a relatively ” young” population and a high proportion of people of working age. The share of those below working age in the general population is 39%, of working age – 54 %, of retireds – 7%.
New Year – January 1
International Women’s Day – March 8
Celebration of Navruz – March 21
Memorial Day – May 9
Independence Day – September 1
Teacher’s day – October 1
Constitution Day – December 8
Eid – al- Fitr ( religious festival ) – date varies
Eid al- Adha ( religious festival ) – date varies
Majorly sharp- continental. The temperature difference between the seasons is quite significant. Average winter temperature is 6 C below and in July the average temperature rises above 32 C. The amount of precipitation is insignificant, which makes agriculture dependent on irrigation.
Best time for the travel is April, May and September, October